The Grove - Ultrasonic Distance Sensor is an ultrasonic transducer that utilizes ultrasonic waves to measures distance. It can measure from 3cm to 350cm with the accuracy up to 2mm. It is a perfect ultrasonic module for distance measurement, proximity sensors, and ultrasonic detectors.
This module has an ultrasonic transmitter and an ultrasonic receiver so you can consider it as an ultrasonic transceiver. Familiar with sonar, when the 40KHz ultrasonic wave generated by the transmitter encounters the object, the sound wave will be emitted back, and the receiver can receive the reflected ultrasonic wave. It is only necessary to calculate the time from the transmission to the reception, and then multiply the speed of the sound in the air(340 m/s) to calculate the distance from the sensor to the object.
How does the ultrasonic distance sensor work?
Here is a simple example of how an ultrasonic sensor works to measure distance:
- Firstly, the transmitter (trig pin) sends a sound wave
- The object picks the wave up, reflecting it back to the sensor.
- The receiver (echo pin) picks it up